The All wise
- The Arabic word “Hakeem” means “someone who is well experienced and whose work is perfect, i.e. faultless”. For example, if a carpenter fails to cut a piece of wood accurately, his work is not satisfactory enough. In this case, we could say, “If his calculations were accurate, his work would be perfect and faultless.” And the more accurate calculations are, the better and more faultless work is.
- Expensive machines are usually perfect and faultless, while bad cheap ones are full of faults and defects. In fact, accuracy and faultlessness are essential elements in good machines. This is what makes them more valuable and more expensive. For that the word “Hakeem” means “someone who does his work most accurately and perfectly, because he knows how to calculate, measure and design perfectly well.” And God is Hakeem (All Wise) that He creates all things in perfect faultless measurements: (Verily, We (i.e. Allah) have created all things with due measurements) (Al-Qamar 54; 49)
- Consider your human body: The blood that runs through your veins and arteries contains a very accurate amount of salt, 0,78%. If this very accurate amount of salt decreased, blood corpuscles would shrink and cause immediate death. If it increased, the corpuscles would burst and also cause immediate death. Who has made the ratio of salt in the human blood fixed? It is Allah, most bounteous, who makes the kidneys maintain such fixed ratio of salt in the blood! Also, there are 2.5 billion types of tissues in the world. This means that only one human being in the whole world has a type of tissue similar to yours.
(He (Allah) has created everything and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements) (Al-Furqan 25; 2)
- Thus, “Al-Hakeem” is He Who perfects all the things that He creates: (It is He (Allah) Who has created seven heavens, one above another; you can see no fault in the creation of the Most Gracious. Then, look again: can you see any rifts?) (Al-Mulk 67; 3)
- Consider creation of an ant, a fly, an elephant, a galaxy, an atom, or any other creature! They are all perfect, and they bespeak the creator’s absolute divine wisdom: (It is He (Allah) Who made everything that He has created perfect, and began the creation of man from clay) (As-Sajdah 32; 7)
(Then, a person will know what he has sent forward and left behind. O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the Most Generous, Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion? In whatever shape He willed, He put you together) (Al-Infitar 82; 5-8)
(Verily, We created man in the best stature.) (At-Tin 95; 4)
- “Al-Hikmah” (Wisdom) is to possess the best knowledge; and Allah’s divine knowledge is infinite, while man’s human knowledge is limited. To this effect, Allah, the All-Wise, says: (And over all those endowed with knowledge is the All-Knowing) (Yusuf 12; 76)
- “Al-Hakeem” (All Wise) is attributed to the omniscient, Allah, Whose divine knowledge is infinite, all-embracing and free from all kinds of ignorance, imperfection or defect. No human being can ever claim to have acquired all knowledge or experience, not even doctors, engineers or scientists. They often make mistakes. But Allah, alone, is the one who is the omniscient. That is why Imam Al-Ghazali says, “No one knows Allah except Allah (Himself).”
- “Al-Hakeem” (The All Wise) is He Who is far above doing things that should not be done. Put it differently, He does the proper thing in the proper way in the proper place and the proper time. For human beings, a wise person is someone who does the proper thing in the proper way in the proper place and the proper time. Such is a “Hakeem” (a wise person).
- God is Hakeem (All-Wise) that all things in the world happen only by His divine will and if He wills that something should happen, it happens. Allah’s divine will is associated with His absolute divine wisdom that whatever He wills will inevitably come to pass and that His divine wisdom is associated with absolute good.
- No leaf of a tree could ever fall down except by Allah’s absolute divine will and wisdom. Too many seemingly evil things turn out good in the end; and in Allah’s kingdom, there is no injustice, in the real sense of the word. Even unjust tyrannical rulers or leaders are, as it is said, Allah’s sword in the earth; He retaliates by them and then He retaliates from them.
- Allah is infinitely pre-existent; and He is one and only. No existence is like His infinite divine existence. He is absolute and perfect, and hence, He is all wise. Thus, if you ask, “Where is Allah?” your question means that He does not exist. Nay! Allah is pre-existent. To this, He says: (Think not that Allah is unaware of that which the wrong-doers do. Nay! He only gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror) (Ibrahim 14; 42)
- Moreover, there is no other dominator of the whole universe except Allah. This is Islamic monotheism: in the whole existence, there is only one hand that controls everything, namely the Hand of Allah, the irresistible, the omnipotent, the all-wise, the all-powerful, who is Free to honor or dishonor, give or withhold, provide or deprive, exalt or disparage.
(And Allah is Ever All Mighty, All Wise) (Al-Fath 48; 19)(Allah is Ever All-Sufficient, All Wise) (An-Nisa’ 4; 130)(Verily, your Lord is All-Knowing, All Wise) (Yusuf 12; 6)
The Absolute Judge, The Giver of Justice, The Arbitrator
- The One who is the supreme arbitrating magistrate.
- The One who is the only true judge.
- The One who always delivers justice in every situation.
- The One whose judgments and decrees are never over-turned or thwarted.
- The One who makes the final decision of the nature of all matters.
- The One who arbitrates all disputes.
- From the root h-k-m which has the following classical Arabic connotations:
- to be wise,knowing the true nature of things
- to pass judgment
- to decide, pass a verdict
- to judge and pass sentence
- to prevent or restrain from wrongdoing or corruption
- to turn someone back from wrongdoing or ignorance