12 December, 2016

Asma ul Husna- #24 Ar Razzaq, #25 Al Wahhab, #26 Al Mu'tee, #27 Al Kareem, #28 Al Akram, #29 Al Jawaad, #30 Al Mannaan

Ar- Razzaq

The All-Provider

  • Rizq is what has been apportioned for you which benefits you. So Allah (swt) is ar-Razzaq—He is the One who creates your rizq, and takes it upon Himself to deliver what He has apportioned to His servants. 🔸And because He is ar-Razzaq - The Provider of all, He privides for Muslim and non-Muslim, woman and man, humans and animals and plants. It encompasses everything on earth. Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an:
“And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision [rizq], and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register.” (Qur’an, 11:6)
  • This is a statement from Allah (swt). He says that the provision for His creatures is upon Him. And in case we had doubt, Allah (swt) takes an oath by the heavens and earth. He says:
“And in the heaven is your provision and whatever you are promised. Then by the Lord of the heaven and earth, indeed, it is truth – just as [sure as] it is that you are speaking.” (Qur’an, 51:22-23)
  • The Prophet ﷺ (peace be upon him) said that a soul will not die until it gets all of the provision that has been apportioned for it (Ibn Hibban). Just looking at the heavens and the earth, and the way that rain falls and plants grow should be enough proof for us. We take it for granted, that this is the natural course of things. But Allah (swt) determined the course that nature will take. So if He created the system in which the rizq of all of the creatures is made, how will He not provide for you when He has said of human beings, “We have certainly honored the children of Adam,” (Qur’an 17:70). So even if you feel that your provision is slow in coming for you, remember that whatever is written for you will come. What rests on you is how you strive for it.
So what specifically can be counted as rizq?
When we refer to rizq, many people assume it is just money. But rizq is what benefits you. So it can be *money and *any material thing in this world. It can also be something *emotional. And it can be *spiritual rizq. The person who takes it upon himself to attend talks, surround himself with good people and increase in the good that he does is taking the steps to feed his soul. And Allah (swt) will raise his station because of that.

Al- Wahhab

The Constant Bestower of Gifts

  • The root of this word is hiba, which means a gift. And because Allah (swt) is al-Wahhab, it means that He not only gives gifts once or twice, but He constantly does so. 
  • So how do we know when Allah (swt) has given us a gift? Rizq (sustenance) is written for us, but we have to work for it. So if in the course of our efforts, we earn $1 million, that is rizq that Allah (swt) had ordained for us. Hiba, on the other hand, is just that—a gift that was not conditioned upon your efforts. When you get a phone call from someone you love, that you felt you missed—that is hiba. When without planning, you are fortunate enough to be able to go on `umrah (the minor pilgrimage), that is hiba. When Allah (swt) brings an amazing person into your life and you are able to improve because of them, that is hiba.
  • Who do you give gifts to? In general, you give gifts to someone you are thinking about and someone that you love. Sometimes we give gifts to endear people to us. So think about what that means when Allah (swt) gives you a gift.
  • Some of us may be thinking, “But I am so far from Allah. Why would He give me gifts out of love?” Subhan Allah (Glory to God)—our Lord is greater than we imagine. He gives us gifts so that we know that we have a God who does not forget about His creation—even when they fall astray. He gives us gifts as a reminder so that we can come close to Him.
Do you want to be a recipient of al-Wahhab?
  • We are all recipients of the many gifts of Allah (swt). Out of the 6 billion people in this world, He chose you to be of the ummah (community) of His Prophet ﷺ (peace be upon him). That in itself is a gift that we cannot thank Him enough for. If we all reflect on the many personal blessings in our lives, we cannot help but feel special to Allah (swt). Every little gift and every huge blessing was because al-Wahhab wanted to give you, and you specifically, something.
  • If you want to be a companion of al-Wahhab, then remember to acknowledge His gifts, even if they seem to be minute, and to thank Him. Allah (swt) says, “If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe,” (Qur’an, 14:7). The more we are conscious of Allah’s gifts to us, the more we are able to increase our love for Him, and recognize how blessed we are.
  • Moreover, we should use His gifts in His way and in His cause. No one likes for their gifts to be cheapened. If Allah (swt) has given you a gift, do not use it for what He dislikes. If we do that, the gift in question becomes a test that we will be held accountable for.
  • Finally, be a gift giver yourself. The Prophet ﷺ  said, “Give gifts, for this will increase your mutual love,” (Muslim).💕

Al- Mu'tee

The Giver

  • Narrated by Muawiyah (radiallahu anhu): Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “If Allah wants to do good for somebody, he makes him comprehend the Religion (i.e. Islam), and Allah is Al-Mutee (the Giver) and I am Al-Qasim (i.e. the distributor), and this (Muslim) nation will remain victorious over their opponents, until Allah’s Order comes and they will still be victorious” [Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 4, Hadeeth No. 346]
  • He is the One who gives to whomever He wills and withholds from whoever He wills, in accordance with His Wisdom and Mercy. And He is Just with regards to both His Giving and His Withholding.

Al- Kareem

The Generous

  • Kareem comes from the three-letter root ka-ra-ma. According to Lisan al-Arab, it encompasses all kinds of good, honor and virtues
  • Al-Kareem is one who forgives even thogh he has the power to punish, follows through when he promises, and exceeds the limits one could hope for when he gives; nor is he concerned with how much he gives or to whom.
  • Allah's essence is Kareem because of His perfection, His Oneness and His uniqueness.
  • He is also Kareem in His dealings with His creation. Allah (swt) always goes over and beyond what is needed, when He does not have to. He forgives, He follows through and He gives. Why? Because He is ultimately al-Kareem.
  • We can illustrate with a few examples, but I am sure you can think of more:
  • Prayers are fascinating. We were created to worship. We all know that worship includes many different acts, but at the very basic level, we all must pray. It is a compulsory act, and it would suffice that it is a command from Allah (swt). Yet Allah (swt) provides so many spiritual cures in prayers, and He makes it something that is beloved in the heart of the believers. ♦When we pray, the veil between us and Allah (swt) is lifted, as the Prophet ﷺ (peace be upon him) tells us:
“Allah faces the servant during prayer as long as he does not turn away.” (Abu Dawud)
  • Moreover, we are forgiven for sins, as we are told:
“When a slave stands and prays, all his sins are brought and placed on his head and shoulders. Every time he bows or prostrates, some of them fall from him.” (Bayhaqi, Saheeh al-Jami’)
  • And we are rewarded! We are rewarded even when we are waiting for prayer, as the Prophet ﷺ said:
“A person is considered in prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
  • And finally we are given the gift of du`a’ (supplication) when we are closest to Allah (swt), in sujood (prostration). The Prophet ﷺ tells us:
“The closest that a servant is to his Lord is when he is in prostration.”(Muslim)
  • All of this to exemplify this attribute of Allah (swt)—He gives and gives, for such a simple act in order to bring us closer.
We need certain nutrients. Our food could be bland and tasteless, and simply fulfill its function of helping us survive. But food is also a pleasure (sometimes too much of a pleasure for people), and this is also from the generosity of Allah (swt).

  • Even in Allah’s forgiveness of our sins, His Generosity is manifest. 
  • Allah is at-Tawwaab,meaning, Allah (swt) not only cancels your sin, but that sin may even be turned into a good deed in your books. Yet Allah’s generosity knows no bounds. 
  • Sheikh Ratib an-Nabulsi, in explaining Allah’s Name al-Kareem, quotes the following:
“If a believer returns to Allah with true sincere repentance, Allah makes him, the angels and the whole world, forget his sins and misdeeds.”
  • Paradise is the ultimate manifestation of Allah’s generosity. Fairness may be in giving us a good life for whatever good we did (which is ultimately from His bounty!). 
  • But Paradise removes even the memory of whatever we were afflicted with. 
  • Paradise is a place that we cannot even imagine—where everyone will have what he wishes, and everyday is more fascinating than the previous. Take a minute to just imagine.
Recognize al-Kareem:
  • Firstly, recognize the worth that Allah (swt) has given you in being a human being, with intellect and a capacity to choose. This dignity was given by God; and as people, we must act in ways that are dignified. We dishonor ourselves by lying, cheating, being rude, and ignoring injustice.
  • Secondly, recognize Allah’s generosity in His dealings with you, and that everything good 

Al- Akram

The Ever Most Generous

  • Al-Akram is the emphatic form of Al-Kareem.
Read in the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), Who has created man from a clot! Read! And your Lord is Al-Akram (The Ever Most Generous), Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, Who has taught man that which he knew not. (Al-Alaq 96: 1-5)✨

Al- Jawaad

The Munificent, The Magnanimous

  • It is narrated in Al-Bayhaqi that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah is Munificent (Jawaad) and loves munificence, and He loves high morals, and He hates low morals.”
  • Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Nooniyyah: 
He is the most Magnanimous and His magnanimity encompasses all of creation with bounty and kindness
He is the most Magnanimous and He does not turn away anyone who asks, even if he is from a kaafir nation. 
  • Shaykh al-Sa’di said in al-Tafseer (5/299): al-Rahmaan (the most Compassionate), al-Raheem (the most Merciful), al-Barr (the Benign) al-Kareem (the most Generous) al-Jawaad (the Magnanimous) al-Ra’oof (the most Kind) al-Wahhaab (the Bestower) – these are all names that are close in meaning, and they all indicate that the Lord has the attributes of mercy, kindness, magnanimity and generosity, and that His mercy and giving encompass all of creation as decreed by His wisdom, and that the believers enjoy the greater part of that.

Al- Mannan

The Beneficent Bestower of Bounties

It was related on the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) heard someone supplicating to Allah saying: “O Allah! I ask You that all praise is Yours. There is no true god except You, You are Al-Mannan, the Originator of the Heavens and Earth, Possessor of Majesty and Honor. O the Ever-Living, O Self-Subsisting”. The Prophet (peace be upon him) then said: “He has supplicated to Allah using His Greatest Name; when supplicated with this Name, He answers, and when asked with this Name He gives”. {Abu Dawud and Al-Nasa'y}

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